What is radiation? The types of radiation used in medical procedures usually consist of X-rays, which are photons emitted by unstable atoms, and gamma radiations, which are used in PET scans? In fact, natural photons and charged particles are everywhere and even in the human body.
They come from outer space, from the atmosphere, from water, and from the earth itself. One of the most concentrated sources on earth is uranium. Nuclear medicine uses this natural phenomenon only for diagnosis and treatment. You can also get the services of radiation protection in diagnostic radiology via https://med-phys.com/services/radiation-safety/.
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Side effects of radiation exposure
Women who are or may be pregnant or breastfeeding should be very careful. Fetuses are more susceptible to radioactivity damage than adults. Using an X-ray apron specially designed to block harmful radiation can minimize this risk. Men may also notice a decrease in sperm production when exposed to adequate radiation. It may take years for this decline to normalize. High doses can cause this decrease in the long term. X-ray aprons can reduce this risk if used properly.
Lead protective aprons and vests
The simplest solution to preventing unauthorized exposure to patients, medical personnel, and others working with radioactive materials is to properly use lead aprons and vests. The vest can also be equipped with a thyroid collar to protect the thyroid in the neck. Because lead is a very dense material, it can stop most of the charged particles depending on the thickness of the vest and apron.
X-ray aprons and lead vests are the main tools for people who are exposed to radiation as an occupational hazard, such as nuclear Medicine, Mining, and Nuclear Power Plants. Lead absorbs harmful particles, therefore preventing harm to users.